Table 1

Anthropometric, periodontal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters before and 3 months after NSPT

VariablesBefore NSPT3 months after NSPTp value
Anthropometric parameters
 BMI (kg/m2)23.4 (21.35–26.57)23.43 (21.64–27.05)0.579
 Hip circumference (cm)97 (92–100)98 (94–110)0.321
 Waist circumference (cm)80 (76–94)82 (77–94)0.139
 Waist to hip ratio0.84 (0.79–0.87)0.83 (0.79–0.87)0.262
 Fat mass percentage (%)14.75 (10.77–28.12)17.9 (12.12–27.32)0.118
Periodontal parameters
 Plaque index (%)91.07 (67.05–100)16.96 (6.25–23.21) <0.001
 Gingival bleeding index (%)62.8 (40.44–78.1)1.08 (0.00–4.50) <0.001
 Pocket depth (mm)3.12 (2.98–3.45)1.6 (1.52–1.81) <0.001
 Attachment loss (mm)3.35 (3.08–4.0)1.7 (1.57–2.05) <0.001
Metabolic and inflammatory parameters
 KITT (%/min)3.72 (2.99–4.17)4.04 (3.67–4.78) 0.001
 FBG (mg/dL)88 (83–94)85 (79–89) 0.023
 2-hour post-OGTT glycemia (mg/dL)116 (107–127)112 (99–126)0.050
 CRP (mg/L)2.35 (1.46–4.18)1.53 (1.03–2.12) 0.033
  • Data are median (IQR).

  • Significant p values are in bold.

  • BMI, body mass index; CRP, C reactive protein; FBG, fasting blood glucose; KITT, glucose disappearance rate; NSPT, non-surgical periodontal treatment; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test.