Table 5

Baseline characteristics of participants with IFG by the end of the study, excluding those who had initial IFG and those who developed DM

IFGNo IFG
n=998n=3126p Value
Age (years), mean±SD44.7±8.841.1±8.6<0.001
Men, n (%)800 (80.2%)2153 (68.9%)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2), mean±SD27.1±3.825.5±3.7<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL), mean±SD134.8±80.4115±66.5<0.001
Hypertriglyceridemia, n (%)321 (32.2 %)672 (21.5%)<0.001
Hypertension, n (%)52 (5.2%)73 (2.3%)<0.001
Family history of DM, n (%)244 (24.5%)581 (18.7%)<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean±SD47.9±11.450.7±13.1<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean±SD127.6±30.7122.1±30.4<0.001
  • BMI, body mass index; DM, diabetes mellitus; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; IFG, impaired fasting glucose; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.