Table 2

Baseline characteristics of participants diagnosed with DM by the end of the study

DMNo DM
n=170n=4915p Value
Age (year), mean±SD48.3±8.742.6±8.9<0.001
Men, n (%)139 (82%)3607 (73%)0.02
BMI (kg/m2), mean±SD29.1±4.326.2±3.9<0.001
Impaired fasting glucose, n (%)130 (76%)791 (16%)<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL), mean±SD172.6±89.7123.2±70.9<0.001
Hypertriglyceridemia, n (%)83 (49%)1280 (26%)<0.001
Hypertension, n (%)21 (12.4%)188 (4%)<0.001
Family history of DM, n (%)75 (44%)1020 (21%)<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean±SD44.3±9.349.7±12.6<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean±SD129.9±31.4124.6±30.70.048
  • BMI, body mass index; DM, diabetes mellitus; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.